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If you’re fascinated by the rich and melodious Russian language, or if you’re planning a trip to a Russian-speaking country, you’ve come to the right place. Russian-Dictionary.org is your ultimate online resource for all things related to the Russian language.
Whether you’re a beginner seeking to learn the basics or an advanced learner looking to expand your vocabulary, our comprehensive dictionary is here to assist you. With a vast collection of words and phrases, we provide accurate translations and detailed explanations to help you grasp the intricacies of Russian grammar and syntax.
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Notes on Dictionary Usage
There are two types of dictionary articles — main and secondary. A main article consists of a term and its translations. A secondary article lists a term which may be an abbreviation, an acronym, or a form of a term which does not require its own translation. The secondary article always references its main article. If a main article has secondary terms, they are listed in parentheses.
Translations close in meaning are separated by semicolons. Translations representing different parts of speech and unrelated translations are separated by bold numerals. In certain cases, in an effort to help the reader establish the context, we have included a short explanation or a functional group to which the translation belongs. Groups appear in italics preceding the translation; explanations are italicized in parentheses after the translation.
The English-Russian part of the dictionary lists parts of speech, groups and cross-references in English; explanations are shown in Russian. The Russian-English part of the dictionary is the opposite of the above — it lists parts of speech, groups and cross-references in Russian; explanations are shown in English.
A translation which is an abbreviation or an acronym is indicated by words abbr and аббр., in English and Russian parts respectively. To cross-reference closely related terms and synonyms, words See and См. are used. Lower case see and см. are used to reference the main dictionary article from a secondary entry without its own translation. Contextually related terms are cross-referenced with phrases See also and См. также.In those cases where a translation may be clarified by a comparison with another translation, words Compare and Ср. are used for cross-reference.
Homonyms are indicated by superscripted numerals in separate dictionary articles. Wherever a homonym is used, either as a part of a translation or a cross-reference, it is also superscripted.
According to the rules of the Russian grammar, word combinations cannot be assigned a part of speech and therefore, unlike English dictionaries where syntax error would be listed as a noun, standard Russian dictionaries would list nothing for синтаксическая ошибка.However, for the benefit of our readers who may not be intimately familiar with the intricacies of the Russian grammar, we have listed the identity of the masculine, feminine and neuter nouns in word combinations so that синтаксическая ошибка appears together with жfor женский род.
See the following diagram for examples of dictionary articles and tables below for a complete list of parts of speech, groups, and abbreviations used in this dictionary.
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Parts of speech
adj adjective прил прилагательное adv adverb нареч наречие n noun ж женский род м мужской род с средний род phrase phrase фраза фраза pl plural мн множественное число v verb гл глагол
abbr abbreviation аббр. аббревиатура ascii ASCII code ascii код ASCII e-slang Internet slang э. жаргон интернетный жаргон electro electronics and electricity электр. электроника и электротехника electronic mail почта электронная переписка lang programming language язык язык программирования math mathematics мат. математика med medicine мед. медицина phone telephony and communications телеф. телефония и связь printing and publishing полигр. полиграфия secur security защита защита и безопасность signal signal name сигнал название сигнала slang slang expression жаргон профессиональное выражение unit unit of measurement ед. изм. единица измерения
See См. Смотри See also См. также Смотри также Compare Ср. Сравни
Published by IEEE Computer Society Press. 392 pages. 6″ x 9″ Softcover. August 1999. ISBN 0-7695-0074-9.